distemper. illness, disease, disorder of body or mind caused by a imbalance of the four humours, blood (sanguine), yellow bile (choleric), phlegm (phlegmatic), and black bile (melancholic).
Divinæ particula Auræ. particle of the divine light
Dr Cheyne. Dr. George Cheyne wrote A Book of Health and Long Life. His work influenced John Wesley. "Cheyne's concept of disease reflected the then current thinking in physiology - that bodily processes depend on the free passage of fluids (or humours) through vessels of various types. ... (King 1974)" .
flesh-brush. a brush used to rub the surface of the body in order to stimulate circulation.
ham. the hollow of the knee, the back of the thigh, or the thigh and buttocks together; probably Wesley means "leg."
passions. emotions that are usually strong, and often over-powering, causing suffering or affliction of the mind (and body). Sometimes, in his sermons, Wesley uses "passions" as an equivalent to our words "emotions" or "feelings." See, for example, The General Deliverance, where he speaks of "passions" and "irregular passions."
Sanctius his animal, mentisque capacius altæ. A quotation from Ovid, Metamorphosis, Book One, Line 75, which means, "But something else was needed, a finer being." See also John Wesley's elaboration this thought further in his sermon, "On the Fall of Man."
temperance. moderation in eating and drinking.